Chilako River Ranch Biosecurity Plan
Small Ruminant Biosecurity Plan
Producer: Chilako Nubians
State/Province: Brittish Columbia
Compiled based on a conversations with & recommendations from the following veterinarians:
Dr. Bob McClung
Dr. Jenny Balke
Ecofocus, Min of Ag
Dr. Laird Laurence
Dr. Rick Faintuck
Dr. Katie Clow
Office of Animal Biosecurity, CFIA
Flock or herd status
My herd is mostly closed, with only new goats being introduced to the farm occasionally.
Sold animals may not return to the premises.
Source of breeding stock
I/we do not purchase breeding stock from public sale barns or livestock brokers.
I/we purchase breeding stock from as few sources as possible.
I/we purchase breeding stock from reputable breeders or sales.
I/we maintain a closed flock or herd.
Health status of new breeding sock
My/our out-of-state and consignment purchases have health papers.
I/we am/are provided with health records on purchased animals.
I/we purchase breeding stock from farms that are CAE and CL-free.
I/we always quarantine new arrivals.
I/we have a separate quarantine area that does not allow direct contact with the existing flock or herd.
New arrivals are fed last then boots sanitized prior to the next feeding.
I/we quarantine newly-acquired animals for three months or longer
I/we don't chemically deworm new arrivals unless they need it.
I/we do not feed on the ground or pen floor.
I/we clean and disinfect birthing pens between females.
I/we isolate females that lose their offspring.
All barn cats are neutered and do not enter the does' barn or pasture area. No kittens are born on our farm.
Caseous lymphadenitis (CL)
I/we don't buy animals from farms that have animals with abscesses.
I/we maintain a CL-negative flock and/or herd, as confirmed by testing.
I/we buy animals from CL test-negative flocks and/or herds.
I/we cull animals if their abscess tests positive for CL
I/we isolate animals with abscesses, treat them, and have the pus tested.
Caprine arthritic encephalitis (CAE)
I/we only purchase animals that test negative for CAE.
I/we maintain a CAE-negative herd, as confirmed by annual, then random testing.
Kids are fed heat-treated milk.
Newborns are separated from their dams at birth and fed heat-treated colostrum.
I/we only purchase animals from test-negative herds.
I/we do not purchase animals from farms with lame animals and/or a history of hoof disease.
I/we inspect the hooves of the animals and do not purchase animals with diseased hooves and/or abnormal hoof growth
I/we inspect and trim the hooves of all newly-introduced animals.
I/we spray the hooves of newly-introduced animals with a 20% solution of zinc sulfate, Koppertox, or 7% iodine.
I/we soak the hooves of all newly-introduced animals in a solution of 10% zinc sulfate
I/we purchase animals from Johne’s test-negative flocks and/or herds.
My/our flock and/or herd is Johne’s-free as confirmed by testing.
Internal Parasite Control
I/we do fecal egg counts to monitor pasture contamination and/or determine genetic differences in animals.
In addition to herbal remedies, if needed I/we give higher doses of anthelmintics to goats, as recommended by the American Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control.
I/we know which anthelmintics are effective on my/our farm, as evidenced by fecal egg count reduction tests (FECRT) or larval development assay (LDA).
I/we administer all anthelmintics orally (over the tongue) using a oral dosing syringe with a long, metal nozzle.
I/we use the FAMACHA eye anemia system (and other signs of clinical parasitism) to make deworming decisions.
Dead animal disposal
I/we compost animal mortality according to professional recommendations using best practice.
I/we provide protective footwear for visitors.
I/we restrict visitors to the farm.
I/we provide a dip for visitors to disinfect their footwear.
I/we use shears and a knife to trim hooves.
I/we inspect hooves every week. and trim if necessary
I follow the manufacturer's instructions when giving vaccines or medications.
I use a clean needle to draw new solution.
I put used needles in a "sharps" container and properly dispose of sharps.
I/we keep all feed in closed containers.
I/we re-bed pens twice a day to keep the bedding on top dry.
I/we disinfect my barn after cleaning.
My barn is cleaned every few months.
My/our pens and lots are not overcrowded.
I/we control rodents and other pests on my farm.
I/we keep my dogs and wildlife away from carrion.
I/we are very discriminating when having visitors to our property and the interactions they are allowed to have with our goats.
Chilako Nubians, 2012